Area of Origin:
Date of Origin:
Magyar Vizsla, Hungarian Pointer, Drotszoru Magyar
pointing, falconry, trailing
The Vizsla is a Hungarian hunting dog which probably
descended from two ancient breeds: the Transylvanian
hound, and the Turkish Yellow Dog (now extinct). In
more recent times, the blood of the German
Shorthaired Pointer and the Pointer has been added
to the Vizsla. After World War II, the breed was
nearly extinct. Hungarians saved some dogs and built
the breed up again. After World War II, when
Russians took control of Hungary, the native
Hungarians feared all the Vizsla would be killed by
the Russians, because owning a Vizsla was a symbol
of aristocracy. Some devotees smuggled Vizslas out
into Austria and to other countries, including
America. The name "Vizsla" in Hungarian means,
"Pointer". The Vizsla is a fine retriever with an
excellent nose, and is a good small game and bird
hunter and pointer – even on marshy terrain. They
have also been successful obedience competitors. The
breed's gentle, friendly disposition makes them
well-suited to their role as a family companion dog.
The Vizsla is a friendly and loving dog breed that
adapts well to family life. Alert and responsive,
the Vizsla makes a good watchdog. The owner of a
Vizsla should be an active and energetic leader
because if not given enough exercise, the Vizsla may
The Vizsla needs a lot of strenuous exercise every
day. This is an active breed that cannot be expected
to meet its energy requirements with a short walk or
within a small yard. It needs to be jogged or
allowed to run in a large enclosed area. Otherwise,
its needs are minimal. Its coat requires little care
except an occasional brushing to remove dead hair.
It can live outside in warm climates, given adequate
shelter, but should sleep indoors on cold nights. It
needs a soft bed.
Official Breed Standard
The Hungarian Vizsla should be lively and intelligent,
obedient but sensitive, very affectionate and easily
trained. It was bred for hunting for fur and feather on
open ground or in thick cover, pointing and retrieving
from both land and water.
A medium sized dog of distinguished appearance, robust
and not too heavily boned.
Head and Skull:
The head should be gaunt and noble. The skull should be
moderately wide between the ears with a median line down
the forehead and a moderate stop. The muzzle should be a
little longer than the skull and although tapering
should be well squared at the end. The nostrils should
be well developed, broad and wide. The jaws strong and
powerful. The lips should cover the jaws completely and
should be neither loose nor pendulous. The nose should
Neither deep nor prominent, of medium size, being a
shade darker in colour than the coat. The shape of the
eyes should be slightly oval and the eyelids should fit
tightly. A yellow or black eye is objectionable.
The ears should be moderately low set, proportionately
long with a thin skin and hang down close to the cheeks,
should be rounded V-shaped not fleshy.
Sound white teeth meeting in a scissor bite, full
dentition is desirable.
Shoulders should be well laid and muscular, elbow
straight pointing neither in nor out, the forearm should
Back should be level, short, well muscled, withers high.
The chest should be moderately broad and deep with
prominent breast bone. The distance from the withers to
the lowest part of the chest should be equal to the
distance from the chest to the ground. The ribs should
be well sprung and the belly should be tight with a
slight tuck-up beneath the loin. The croup should be
Should be straight when viewed from the rear, the thighs
should be well developed with moderate angulation, the
hocks well let down.
Rounded with toes short, arched and well closed. A cat
like foot is desirable, hare foot is objectionable.
Nails short, strong and a shade darker in colour than
coat, dew claws should be removed.
Graceful and elegant with a lively trot and ground
Should be of moderate thickness, rather low set, with
one third customarily docked off. Whilst moving should
be held horizontally.
Should be short and straight, dense and coarse and feel
greasy to the touch.
Russet gold. Small white marks on chest and feet, though
acceptable, are not desirable.
Weight and Size:
Optimum Weight 22 - 30 kg (48.5 - 66 lb) . Height at
withers Dogs: 57 - 64 cm (22.5 - 25 in) Bitches: 53 - 60
cm (21.5 - 23.5 in).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness of the fault
should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.